Ethiopia - Timkat Festival
Ethiopia - Timkat Festival
Join us on this small group tour to Ethiopia for the Timkat Festival which is the Ethiopian Orthodox Church's celebration of Epiphany. Pilgrims travel for days to the churches at which the celebrations are held. In addition, discover Ethiopia’s natural beauty as it reveals itself in the Simien Mountains, where we walk amidst some of Africa’s most captivating scenery, looking for endemic gelada baboons. In Lalibela, we spend time exploring both the main churches and lesser known ones before driving to the region of Tigray – similar to Petra with churches hewn out of the surrounding landscape, but many feel far more spectacular, with many churches built halfway up almost inaccessible cliff faces. We spend time learning about the history of the ancient Axumite Empire at Axum then travel to ‘Africa’s Camelot’ – the wonderful castles and palaces of Gondar. A truly unforgettable tour.
Fitness ●●●●○ | Adventure ●●●○○ | Culture ●●●●○ | History ●●●●● | Wildlife●●●○○
- Join worshippers celebrating at Ethiopia’s most important religious festival
- Engage with some of Africa’s finest scenery in the Simien Mountains
- Visit the unique rock hewn churches of Lalibela and Tigray
Accommodation: Mix of comfortable hotels and lodges
Included Meals: Daily breakfast (B), plus lunches (L) and dinners (D) as shown in the itinerary.
Group Size: Maximum of 12
Start Point: Addis Ababa
End Point: Addis Ababa
Transport: Mini-vans and private buses, internal flights
Tour Itinerary Notes
While our intention is to adhere to the day-by-day itinerary as printed below, a degree of flexibility is built in. Overnight stops may vary from those suggested and on occasions alternative accommodation, of a similar standard to that named below, will be used.
Our guides are a key strength, chosen for their knowledge of and passion for the areas in which they work. All of our guides are carefully hand-picked, and are not just passing through these countries, but are usually locally born. Unlike some companies it should be noted we do not send a guide or tour leader from Undiscovered Destinations in the UK as we have every confidence in our locally appointed representative who is responsible for operating the tour on our behalf. Where possible you will have the same guide throughout your trip but on occasions it may be necessary to change the guide at one or more points during the tour.
Day 1 – Addis Ababa
Arrive in Addis Ababa and transfer to your hotel. The rest of the day is free to relax. Overnight at Jupiter Hotel or similar.
Day 2 - Bahir Dar
This morning we take an early flight (6am) to Bahir Dar. It is situated at 1800 m above sea level, on the shores of Lake Tana, the largest lake in Ethiopia. On arrival we drop our luggage at the hotel and drive directly to the Blue Nile Falls, (It takes a walk of around 1hr to reach the falls and 1hr to return to the point of departure). Later we return to the city, and the rest of the afternoon is free to explore Bahir Dar, with the option of visiting Bezawit Palace, built for Emperor Haile Selassie. Overnight at Avanti Blue Nile Hotel or similar. (BD)
Blue Nile Falls
Some 30km from Lake Tana, near the village of Tis Isat, are the Blue Nile Falls, discovered by the Scot James Bruce in the 18th century. Some 400m wide, they are the second largest set of falls in Africa, after the mighty Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe. However, in 2003 a large hydro-electric dam was constructed upstream, which has reduced the flow over the falls considerably – the falls are only ‘switched on’ on certain days of the week. The walk to the falls, invariably accompanied by small children, starts in Tis Isat and takes you over a small bridge constructed by the Portuguese in the 17th century, before ending up at a fantastic viewpoint.
Day 3 - Gondar
This morning we take boats out onto Lake Tana to take in its fantastic collection of ancient monasteries, dramatically situated on the lake’s islands and peninsulas. From there we will continue to Gondar (175kms- approx.3 hours) and acquaint ourselves with the town on arrival. Overnight at Goha Hotel or similar. (BD)
The Royal Enclosure at Gondar is one of Ethiopia’s key sites, and rightly so. Enshrouded in mystery as to its origins, Gondar became the capital of King Fasiladas in the 17th century and an important city in the region. What is astonishing about it is its collection of castles, very European in character and seeming very out of place in this corner of Africa. There are different theories as to who constructed them – some say Portuguese architects and builders were responsible while others claim that Ethiopian craftsmen constructed them. The best preserved is Fasiladas’ Palace, a two storey building with towers and parapets. There are several buildings within the enclosure, including a lion cage, a chancellery and the Royal Archive. Wandering through these medieval relics it is not difficult to see why Gondar has been christened the ‘Camelot of Africa’
Day 4 - Gondar
We spend today visiting the main sites of the town, including the palaces and castles of King Fasiladas and the beautifully decorated Debre Birhan Selassie Church (Light of Trinity) with its wonderful murals. Overnight at Goha Hotel or similar. (BD)
Day 5 – Simien Mountains
Leaving Gondar after breakfast we drive to the Simien Mountains (135km- approx. 3 hours), a spectacularly scenic area with interesting endemic mammals, including gelada baboons, as well as many species of birds. Overnight Simien Lodge or similar.(BD)
Ethiopia is sometimes called the ‘Roof of Africa’, and the spectacular Simien Mountains hold its highest point, Ras Dashen, at 4620m the fourth highest mountain on the continent. The Simiens are a dramatic landscape of green carpeted gorges and chasms which are home to some of the country’s rare and endemic species. It is relatively easy to see large troops of gelada baboons, shaggy maned primates with bright red patches of flesh on their chests, grazing on the vegetation; they are found only in Ethiopia’s mountains. You are less likely to see two of its other rare creatures, the Walia Ibex and the Simien wolf, the rarest of the world’s canine species. Walking in these mountains, watching lammergeier vultures swoop into deep ravines, offers one of the scenic highlights of travel in Africa.
Day 6 – Simien Mountains
We spend today walking through the mountains to visit striking viewpoints and spot some of the wildlife including Gelada baboons and Walia Ibex. Overnight Simien Lodge or similar. (BD)
Day 7- Axum
We will continue our drive to Axum through beautiful countryside via the Tekeze River. This is a long day of driving but through stunning scenery (285km - up to 10 hours). Overnight at Yared Zema Hotel or similar. (BD)
The northern town of Axum is reputed to have been the capital of the legendary Queen of Sheba, in the 10th century BC. Once a great city and the capital of a powerful empire around the time of the birth of Christ, it is thought by some to be one of the great civilisations of antiquity, controlling the all- important trade routes between Asia and Africa for many centuries. Today it is a site of pilgrimage, containing many important religious buildings as well as palaces and tombs belonging to past Emperors of Ethiopia. The most notable of these is the church of St Mary of Tsion, which is said to contain the Ark of the Covenant and is watched over by a guardian who prevents anyone from seeing it. According to legend, the ark was brought here by Emperor Menelik, son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Axum is also famous for its collection of stelae, sculpted from single pieces of granite and intricately carved. Although some are in ruins, those that remain are the legacy of one of Africa’s most powerful civilisations
Day 8 – Axum
Visit the amazing sites of Axum, including its collection of ancient stelae, the bath and the palace of the Queen of Sheba and St Mary of Tsion Church, which legend says is where the Ark of the Covenant is located. Overnight at Yared Zema Hotel or similar. (BD).
Day 9 – Adigrat and Tigray Churches
Today we drive to Adigrat (140km - approx. 6 hours) through some spectacular countryside. En route we visit the 5th century temple of Yeha, displaying incredible skills in stonework and the oldest building still standing in Ethiopia. Overnight at Agoro Lodge or similar. (BD)
Tigray’s rock-cut churches
The rock-hewn churches of the Tigray region are one of Ethiopia’s most enchanting and fascinating sites. Many of them are carved into sheer cliff faces and take effort to reach, perhaps to protect the treasures that many of them hold in terms of paintings and artefacts, or to provide the solitude necessary for religious meditation. Isolated and mysterious, the churches are still used today and if lucky enough to visit when a religious festival is taking place, an unparalleled place to witness Ethiopia’s spiritual traditions. Even without this, they retain an aura which is spellbinding, enhanced by the fact that very few western travellers actually get here. However the time and effort it takes to reach them make them all the more special.
Day 10 – Mekelle
We will continue our exploration of the marvellous churches that dot this remote and inspiring landscape while driving to Mekelle. Today we visit those of Medhane Alem Adikusho, Wukro Cherkos and Abraha Atsbeha. Overnight at Planet Hotel or similar. (BD)
Day 11 - Lalibela
After an early breakfast start the journey to the town of Lalibela, through Amhara villages with a chance of meeting Tigray and Amhar people(440km-approx 9 hours).Overnight at Mount View Hotel or similar. (BD)
The small dusty town of Lalibela in the north of Ethiopia is home to some of Ethiopia’s most amazing sights, a collection of rock cut churches dating back hundreds of years. Often known as ‘Africa’s Petra’, Lalibela is a great centre of pilgrimage among Ethiopians, flocking here to worship, and during religious festivals is packed with priests and monks. Lalibela and the surrounding area are dotted with excellently preserved churches, still used today. Many of them are connected by underground tunnels and passages, with tiny caves hollowed out in nearby walls used as homes for ascetic monks and hermits who stay here for years on end. Many legends surround the origins of Lalibela, but the most popular is that the churches were constructed by angels in one night. They date back to the 11th and 12th centuries, and the most spectacular is Beta Giorgis, built in the shape of a cross in a large pit in the ground. Some contain ancient religious artefacts, which resident monks are often happy to show to visitors, including intricately decorated crosses and a wooden box said to be carved by King Lalibela himself.
Day 12 - Lalibela- Eve of Timkat Celebrations
This morning we will visit the first group of rock hewn churches known in some circles as the 8th wonder of the world. This afternoon, you can witness the Eve of the Timkat Festival celebration in one of the Rock Hewn churches. Overnight in Mount View Hotel or similar. (BD)
Day 13 - Lalibela- Timkat Celebrations
Early in the morning we will go to the church to see the Timkat celebration and the crowd waiting to be baptized by the holy water. The water which symbolizes the Jordan River is blessed by the priest, and the patriarch then dips a golden cross into it, and extinguishes a burning consecrated candle on the altar. He then sprinkles water on the assembled congregation in commemoration of Christ's baptism in the Jordan River. The ceremony will be over around 9-10am and afterwards we will visit the second group of churches. Overnight at Mount View Hotel or similar. (BD)
Day 14 - Return to Addis Ababa
A morning flight will brings you back to Addis. On your last day in Addis you will visit the Entoto Mountains, with a fantastic view over the city, the National Museum or Ethnological museum, Trinity Cathedral and the Merkato, reputedly the biggest open air market in Africa. Overnight at Jupiter Hotel or similar. (BD)
Addis Ababa was founded in 1887 by Emperor Menelik II, and its name means ‘new flower’ in Amharic. A large city, it is the third highest capital in the world sitting at an altitude of 2400m. It hosts East Africa’s largest market, the Mercato, a sprawling mass of stalls where one can find just about anything for sale, including the much favoured national drug qat, and is well endowed with other sights. Churches such as St George’s Cathedral and the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity give a great insight into Ethiopia’s particular brand of Christianity. The Cathedral of St George, named after Ethiopia’s patron saint (the famed dragon slayer who also serves as patron saint of England) was built by Emperor Menelik to commemorate his victory over Italian forces at Adwa, and houses a small museum with a collection of important religious paintings, books and artefacts. A good National Museum holds an interesting selection of artefacts from Ethiopia’s wide and varied history. Ethiopia was the only African nation never to be fully colonised, although the Italians occupied parts of it for a time in the first half of the twentieth century, and it is still possible to see remnants of their legacy in Addis, particularly in the Piazza area which is a great place to walk around and soak up the atmosphere.
Day 15 – Departure
At a suitable time, you will be transferred to the airport for your departure flight. Tour ends. (B)
Arrival and departure transfers
Services of English speaking guide / tour leader (please note that small groups will have different guides in each place visited, rather than one guide accompanying the trip throughout)
Meals as listed (B – Breakfast, L – Lunch, D – Dinner)
Entrance fees for sites listed as part of the itinerary
Any airport taxes