Azerbaijan Tour – Land of Fire

Azerbaijan Tour – Land of Fire – an 8 day Small Group Tour.

Undiscovered Destinations is delighted to offer this short group tour encompassing the best of Azerbaijan . From the intriguing city of Baku, at once both modern and ancient, to the ‘fire mountain’ at Yanardag and the bizarre mud volcanoes at Gobustan.

Travel throughout Azerbaijan and visit ancient churches, historic caravanserais and perhaps even tag on a visit to Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan’s landlocked enclave.

For those travellers wishing to see more of the Caucasus, this tour can be joined on to our Georgia and Armenia – Caucasus Discovery Tour.



Azerbaijan is off-the-beaten-track. Some may have heard of capital city, Baku, but most will be hard pushed to point out this oil-rich state on a map.

The tour packs a lot into a short time, exploring the country’s multi-layered past, from pre-history, to Roman settlement, to Islamic khanate, Soviet Socialist Republic, independence and military coup. Natural sights featured include mud volcanoes, spectacular fire mountains and the immense Caucasus ranges, while elsewhere unnatural salt mines are an unexpected highlight.

Simmering tensions with neighbouring Armenia are never far away and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is certainly not forgotten. However, the fascinating optional extension to the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan, almost an inverse analogue of Nagorno-Karabakh, will inform on Azeri perspectives of regional geopolitics.

Those who’ve visited other former Soviet Republics will be familiar with Azerbaijan’s ‘strong man’ government, absence of press freedom and corruption. However, if you’ve read this far such considerations are obviously not going to put you off, and probably add to Azerbaijan’s intriguing allure…

Tour ratings.

  • Fitness
  • Off the beaten track 
  • Culture 
  • History
  • Wildlife

Tour pace


Tour style


Relaxed Pace

Relaxed tours are easy paced with plenty of leisure time built in. The tour will in all probability still be off the beaten track, with the occasional early start and there may still be occasional long drives. In general on a relaxed pace tour you can enjoy easy-going activities and experiences with opportunities to absorb the sights and immerse yourself in the local surroundings.

Moderate Pace

Moderate pace tours are ideal if you want a tour experience that combines activities and experiences with some time to relax. Typically you will be active and busy for part of the day but then also have time to rest and recharge your batteries. In general on a moderate paced tour there may be some long journeys involved but the tour is not an expedition or a road trip. On a moderate paced tour it will be necessary to have some early starts.

Busy Pace

A busy paced tour means that you can expect to be doing, seeing or experiencing something new almost every day, and moving on from place to place to pack in as much as possible. There may be early starts, long journeys and tiring days along the way, but you’ll return home feeling you’ve really experienced as much as you possibly could.

Pioneer Class Tours

On our Pioneer tours, you will be amongst an elite group of intrepid travellers and some of the first to explore a country that few have been privileged enough to discover. Of course, exploring such areas of the world will come with its challenges; it may mean several nights camping, long journeys by 4WD and the need to maintain a degree of flexibility for when carefully laid plans change. These are challenging tours in countries and areas that may have poor infrastructure, high levels of poverty and illiteracy. This can translate in to low standards in hotels, bad roads and poor driving standards among other issues. We try and smooth out as much of these issues as we can but you should be prepared to experience the bad with the good.

Traveller Class Tours

Our Traveller itineraries are at the core of our programme. These journeys are designed for travellers who still want to discover a land away from the tourist crowds but expect minimum standards. Accommodation will be primarily hotel based, although you could still find yourself camping, or the guest of a local family. Depending on the destination and itinerary, you’ll likely be travelling in a private vehicle, with occasional use of public transport. This is adventure travel with some of the rough edges smoothed out.


Arrive in Baku and transfer to hotel accommodation. The rest of the day is free to relax or explore independently. Overnight 4* Hotel

(approx. driving time 3 hours, 90km)

This morning we explore Azerbaijan’s capital. Highlights include the fortified mediaeval Old Town of Icheri Sheher, the Shirvanshahs’ Palace and the city’s 15th century caravanserai. From Baku, we head to the Absheron Peninsula to see the ‘flaming mountain’ of Yanar Dag, continuously lit by burning underground gases that seep through vents in the earth’s surface. Afterwards we visit the Gala Museum, the Ateshgah of Baku fire temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the mediaeval fortress at Amirjan, before returning to Baku for the night. Overnight 4* Hotel or similar. (BLD)

(approx. driving time 6 hours, 300km)

Today we travel west to the city of Gabala. En route we visit Diri Baba Mausoleum in Maraza and Yeddi Gumbaz Mausoleum at Shamakha. Continuing across Muganly Pass, there are great mountain views. We stop at the mountain village of Lahic where among ancient mosques, baths and beautiful cobbled streets an historical ethnographic reserve sees carpet weavers, engravers and other artisans busy about their respect crafts. From here we continue to Gabala. Overnight Qafqaz Caravanserai. (BLD)

(approx. driving time 1.5 hours, 90km)

After breakfast we drive from Gabala to Sheki, once an important centre on the Trans-Caucasian trade routes. Sheki was an independent khanate until the 1820s, and evidence of its former grandeur is not hard to spot. The elaborately decorated Khan’s Palace was built in 1762 without the use of nails. Elsewhere, among atmospheric winding streets and alleys, old caravanserais, mosques and traditional houses await exploration. Later, we drive to the nearby village of Kish and visit its interesting Albanian church. Overnight Sheki Palace or similar. (BLD)

(approx. driving time 3 hours, 180km)

Today we head to Ganja, Azerbaijan’s second city. Upon arrival we tour the city, visiting the bazaar, the 17th century mosque of Shah Abbas and the unique ‘bottle house’, a building decorated with nearly 50,000 bottles. Our destination for the evening is Naftalan. Overnight Garabag Resort or similar. (BLD)

(approx. driving time 6 hours, 360km)

This morning we discover more about Naftalan and the unique healing oil and treatment spas for which it is famous. Afterwards we drive to the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Gobustan, notable for over 6,000 rock petroglyphs, dating from 40,000 years-ago. The rock art depicts ceremonial dances, battles, warriors, boats and many other scenes, and includes more recent Roman graffiti from the 1st century. However, Gobustan is equally well known for peculiar natural phenomena – mud volcanoes. A barren landscape populated by simmering cones belching muddy bubbles is probably unlike anything you’ll have seen before. Azerbaijan has more than half the world’s mud volcanoes, approximately 400 within its borders. Roughly every twenty years one of them explodes sending out a 1,000-metre tower of flame and showering tons of mud over surrounding areas. Afterwards we return to Baku. Overnight 4* Hotel or similar. (BLD)

(approx. driving time 1 hour, 20km)

Today we visit Baku’s National History Museum of Azerbaijan for insights on the cultures and civilisations that have held sway in Azerbaijan. Later we visit the Heydar Aliyev Centre, designed by Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid and noted for its distinctive flowing, curved style. The rest of the day is free for independent exploration, and perhaps a little last-minute shopping. Overnight 4* Hotel or similar. (BLD)

The tour ends today after breakfast when airport transfers depart to meet onward flights. (B)

Take a short break to visit to Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan’s landlocked enclave.

(Day 8 of the tour becomes Day 1 of the extension)

This morning we transfer to the airport and catch a flight to Nakhchivan, the capital of Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, separated from the rest of the country by Armenia, and bordered elsewhere by Iran and Turkey. On arrival we check-in to hotel accommodation before exploring some of the surrounding sights. Highlights include the 12th century Momina Khatum mausoleum and the tomb of Yusuf Ibn Kuseyir. After lunch we drive to Alinja Fortress, one of the strongest defensive constructions of the 12th century. During Amir Timur’s attacks on Nakhchivan in 1386, 1392 and 1399 the fortress served as headquarters for the Atabayler dynasty. Afterwards we return to Nakhchivan. Overnight Hotel Tabriz or similar. (BLD)

After breakfast we drive to the remarkable 14th century Garabaghlar Mausoleum in Nakhchivan’s north west, and later call in at Duzdagh’s vast therapeutic salt mines. After lunch we return to Nakhchivan city and visit Ashabi–Kahf cave sanctuary, a site of Islamic pilgrimage. There’s time to take in the city’s history museum and the carpet museum before lunch at a local restaurant and transfers to the airport return flights to Baku. (BL)

Please note: Accommodation is not included in Baku on your return. Depending upon flight schedules we can book extra hotel nights if required.

Dates & Price.

Tour Notes

Return flights from London to Baku start from around £440. Please contact us for a quotation.

Single Supplement from £225.

Single supplement for the Nakchivan Extension is £25.

Extra night accommodation pre and/or post tour in Baku costs from £45 per person, per night sharing a twin/double room and £78 per person in a solo occupancy room.

Please note that the prices quoted above are for the category of accommodation and hotel used for this particular tour. Depending on the hotel eventually confirmed there may be some difference in the rate advertised by the hotel, and the prices available through Undiscovered Destinations. It should be noted we will not apply a surcharge should more expensive accommodation be used. At the same time in the event that a lower rate is available for the confirmed hotel we are unable to offer a refund.

Airport transfers are included if you are booking pre and/or post tour accommodation at the hotel mentioned in our tour dossier.

Kindly note that if you do not wish to travel as part of a group, this tour can also be arranged on a private basis on a request basis. Please contact us for prices.

If you wish to have your own Azerbaijan experience tailored to your requirements please get in touch with Mark Huggins who will be pleased to design your perfect tour.

Please note that for those that wish to see more of the fascinating Caucasus region, Our Azerbaijan Land of Fire group tour can be combined to run back to back with our Georgia and Armenia Caucasus Discovery tour.

Mapped itinerary.

Want to see details of your itinerary on a map?

Download PDF.

Download the full tour dossier for this trip here.

Azerbaijan Tour - Land of Fire map

For expert advice get in touch now with our passionate,
well-travelled team.

+44(0) 191 296 2674 from THE UK
1-800-614-2967 from THE US & CANADA
1-300-956-415 from AUSTRALIA

Tour inclusions.

  • Arrival and departure transfers
  • All accommodation
  • Services of English speaking guide / tour leader
  • Meals as listed (B – Breakfast, L – Lunch, D – Dinner)
  • Entrance fees for sites listed as part of the itinerary
  • E-Visa for Azerbaijan

Tour exclusions.

  • International flights
  • Any airport taxes
  • Travel Insurance
  • Drinks
  • Oil bath

Your local team were excellent – very knowledgeable and considerate towards the group. The driver provided us with a safe and comfortable trip. He was also excellent.


Nola Sherry, Australia