Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia
Caucasus Discovery Tour

Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia – Caucasus Discovery Tour – a 15 day Small Group Tour.

The Caucasus nations of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia are probably some of the least known nations of Europe – in fact most people are not even sure whether they are actually in Europe. Hidden away and often eclipsed by their monumental neighbours, these countries hide a wealth of diverse secrets. This trip encompasses the very best of the region and is designed for those that wish to see a range of highlights in a short space of time on a busy fast-paced tour.


In Tbilisi marvel at the various cultures that have left their mark on this city, from Imperial Russia to Ottoman Turkey and beyond. We travel into the High Caucasus at Kazbegi and walk up to a dramatically situated ancient church. Learn about ancient wine production and taste in the charming region of Kakheti.

Armenia is the world’s oldest Christian nation with an astounding collection of ancient churches and monasteries which will captivate you. In contrast is the capital Yerevan, a lively and engaging city which embraces modernity yet manages to retain its traditions, and is packed full of some of the best Soviet style architecture to be found anywhere. This is a busy tour with lots of fabulous history, culture, and scenery to enjoy. Isn’t it time you learned more about this intriguing region?


Tour ratings.

  • Fitness
  • Off the beaten track
  • Culture 
  • History 
  • Wildlife 

Tour pace


Tour style


Relaxed Pace

Relaxed tours are easy paced with plenty of leisure time built in. The tour will in all probability still be off the beaten track, with the occasional early start and there may still be occasional long drives. In general on a relaxed pace tour you can enjoy easy-going activities and experiences with opportunities to absorb the sights and immerse yourself in the local surroundings.

Moderate Pace

Moderate pace tours are ideal if you want a tour experience that combines activities and experiences with some time to relax. Typically you will be active and busy for part of the day but then also have time to rest and recharge your batteries. In general on a moderate paced tour there may be some long journeys involved but the tour is not an expedition or a road trip. On a moderate paced tour it will be necessary to have some early starts.

Busy Pace

A busy paced tour means that you can expect to be doing, seeing or experiencing something new almost every day, and moving on from place to place to pack in as much as possible. There may be early starts, long journeys and tiring days along the way, but you’ll return home feeling you’ve really experienced as much as you possibly could.

Pioneer Class Tours

On our Pioneer tours, you will be amongst an elite group of intrepid travellers and some of the first to explore a country that few have been privileged enough to discover. Of course, exploring such areas of the world will come with its challenges; it may mean several nights camping, long journeys by 4WD and the need to maintain a degree of flexibility for when carefully laid plans change. These are challenging tours in countries and areas that may have poor infrastructure, high levels of poverty and illiteracy. This can translate in to low standards in hotels, bad roads and poor driving standards among other issues. We try and smooth out as much of these issues as we can but you should be prepared to experience the bad with the good.

Traveller Class Tours

Our Traveller itineraries are at the core of our programme. These journeys are designed for travellers who still want to discover a land away from the tourist crowds but expect minimum standards. Accommodation will be primarily hotel based, although you could still find yourself camping, or the guest of a local family. Depending on the destination and itinerary, you’ll likely be travelling in a private vehicle, with occasional use of public transport. This is adventure travel with some of the rough edges smoothed out.


(approx. driving time 30mins, 25km)

Arrive in Baku and transfer to your hotel. The rest of the day is free to relax or explore. Overnight Ibis Hotel or similar. No meals or guided activities.

(approx. driving time 1.30 hours, 50km)

Explore Azerbaijan’s capital, including the medieval fortress of Icheri Sheher, the Shirvanshahs’ Palace and the 15th century caravanserai among other sites. From Baku we head to the Absheron Peninsula to visit the ‘flaming mountain’ of Yanardag, continuously alight with burning underground gases that seep through holes in the earth’s surface. Photo stop at the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center. We then visit the Gala Museum, the ‘fire-worshippers’ temple of Ateshgah, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and continue to the medieval fortress at Amirjan before returning to Baku for the night. Overnight Ibis Hotel or similar. (B)

(approx. driving time 2.30 hours, 160km)

This morning we depart for Gobustan, a short distance from the city of Baku. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007, Gobustan is rich in archaeological monuments with over 6000 rock engravings dating back as far as 40,000 years. The petroglyphs depict ceremonial dances, battles, warriors, boats and many other scenes, as well as more recent Roman ‘graffiti’ from the 1st century. But Gobustan is equally well known for its natural phenomena – mud volcanoes that simmer and belch muddy bubbles from their cones, an incredibly atmospheric place and probably unlike anything you will have seen before. Azerbaijan is home to more than half of the mud volcanoes in the world with nearly 400 of them within its borders. Roughly every twenty years one of them explodes with great gusto, showering tons of mud over the surrounding area. Later this afternoon we return to Baku and enjoy the panoramic views from the upland park. You will then have some time at leisure to enjoy the city (B)

(approx. driving time 5.00 hours, 300km)

This morning we journey to the North of Azerbaijan to the important city of Sheki. En route stop at Shamakhi and visit the ancient Juma mosque and the mausoleum of Seven Domes. Continue to the delightful town of Sheki, one of Azerbaijan’s highlights. An important centre on the Trans-Caucasian trade routes, it was an independent khanate up until the 1820s and evidence of its former grandeur is not hard to spot. The splendid Khan’s Palace was built in 1762 without the use of any nails and is elaborately decorated with ornate patterns on its exterior. There are also several old caravanserais and mosques to explore. Sheki is a delight to wander around, with winding streets and traditional houses giving the feeling of yesteryear. Overnight Sheki Palace or similar (B)

(approx. driving time 6.30 hours, 390km)

This morning we visit the ancient temple in the Kish village, one of the first churches in Caucasus. Then we cross the border into Georgia. Visit Kakheti, Georgia’s picturesque wine district, which lies due east from Tbilisi in a land dotted with fine old churches and vineyard after vineyard. We explore the region this afternoon, including a stop at a local winery and get a feel for the methods of wine production in Georgia. Viticulture was arguably first practiced here some 8000 years ago and to this day is an intrinsic part of the national psyche. Also explore the beautiful building and grounds of Tsinandali Residence. Later we continue to the capital Tbilisi. Overnight Hotel Kalasi (B)

(approx. driving time 1 hour, 50km)

Spend the day exploring delightful Tbilisi, taking in the fascinating history of this long-overlooked region. We spend the day discovering sites such as the National Museum, home to many of the treasures that inspired the legend of the Golden Fleece, as well as the Narikala citadel, Metekhi Temple and the Sioni Cathedral, among other sites. A walk across the modern Bridge of Hope (pedestrian only) gives a great perspective of the mix of old and new and fine views. Tonight, enjoy traditional Georgian food at a local restaurant. Overnight Hotel Kalasi (B)

(approx. driving time 4 hours, 220km)

This morning we take the short drive to Mtskheta, the ancient capital of Georgia. Mtskheta is packed full of historical monuments and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. We explore the 11th century Svetitskhoveli Cathedral and the 6th century Jvari Monastery, with superb vistas for miles around. Continue to Gori (journey around 3 hours) a town almost entirely known as the birthplace of Joseph Stalin. Visit the museum where you can explore Stalin’s personal train carriage and see the small house where he spent his early years. Gori train station is also worth a stop for its imposing waiting room. Then we drive a short distance to Uplistsikhe, a cave town dated to 7th Century BC. Finally continue for our overnight stay in the Lesser Caucasus in the spa town of Borjomi (B)

(approx. driving time 4.30 hours, 230km)

Drive along river Kura Valley to the cave town Vardzia (12th c). On the way stop at Khertvisi fortress, built in the Middle Ages. Vardzia, the unique example of Georgian Renaissance is the place associated with Queen Tamara and Shota Rustaveli, the author of the legendary poem “The Knight in the Panther’s Skin”. Visit Vardzia (walking). Time permitting stop in Akhaltsikhe town and visit Castle. Return to our hotel in Borjomi. Hotel (B)

(approx. driving time 3 hours, 175km)

Continue our tour onto the Georgian Military Highway and snake our way up into the Caucasus Mountains. Visit the castle complex of Ananauri attractively situated on the Aragvi River. Continue climbing until the Jvari Pass where will stop and drink in the views of the High Caucasus range. This dramatic journey continues with a descent into the frontier town of Kazbegi, surrounded by dramatic peaks. Overnight local hotel in town (B)

(approx. driving time 3 hours, 175km)

This morning if conditions are favourable, you will have the opportunity to take the walk up to the Sameba Church (subject to weather conditions) with its stunning setting below the brooding presence of Mt Kazbek, a dramatic 5000m plus peak. For those that do not want to walk, it is possible to hire jeeps for an extra charge to go by up via a track. Note we may do this visit the previous late afternoon depending on weather forecasts. Later we leave the High Caucasus and return to Tbilisi in preparation or our journey into Armenia tomorrow. Overnight Hotel Kalasi or similar (B)

(approx. driving time 6.00 hours, 330km)

An early start this morning for a 1.5 hours journey approx. to the border. After completing border formalities and meeting your Armenian guide, we drive to Haghpat monastery, a journey of around 2 hours from the border through beautiful scenery. Haghpat, (10th century UNESCO Heritage site) which used to be a spiritual, cultural, and educational centre of the region. The monastery is one of the masterpieces of Armenian medieval architecture. Continue to the Dilijan region, known as the little Switzerland of Armenia. We have a short stop to have a look around the old part of the town. We then travel on to the picturesque Lake Sevan and the Sevanavank monastery which is a 9th century monastery founded on the peninsula that used to be an island. The monastery affords a panoramic view of the alpine lake. Finally, today, we continue to Yerevan, your base for the final stage of this Caucasus adventure. Overnight Imperial Palace or similar (B)

(approx. driving time 3.00 hours, 95km)

This morning we drive around 1 hour to Kotayk province to explore Geghard Monastery and Garni Pagan temple. Admire the outstanding views of the Armenian Highlands stretched out before you. From Garni, enjoy breathtaking views down into the canyon and to the strategically located Geghard Monastery below. Garni dates to the 1st century AD and is the only pagan temple that remained after the adoption of Christianity. After exploring these magnificent sites, we return to Yerevan and enjoy a city tour of Yerevan including visits to a high-scale view point over the city, City Park, Abovyan Street, and Republic Square. Then we visit the interesting cascade area.  We also have short visit of Matenadaran – a Museum and Scientific Institute of ancient manuscripts, hosting the treasures of Armenian science and around 20.000 ancient manuscripts – the largest collection in the world. The short tour in Matenadaran will be exclusively guided by the most prominent specialists of the Institute. Overnight Imperial Palace Hotel or similar (B)

(approx. driving time 4.30 – 5.00 hours, 250km)

An early start today at around 08:00am travelling south to the spectacular Khor Virap Monastery which affords excellent views to the stunning sight of Mt Ararat. This monastery has long been an important place of pilgrimage for Armenians. After the tour of the monastery, we will be back in Yerevan by approximately 2pm and you will have the rest of the afternoon at leisure in Yerevan. Overnight Imperial Palace or similar (B)

(approx. driving time 1.30 – 2.00 hours, 50km)

Visit the ruins of Zvartnots temple, a three-tiered central-domed structure of astounding magnificence. According to European specialists, the temple of Zvartnots should be ranked among the greatest monuments of ancient architecture. Continue to Echmiadzin, the spiritual centre of Armenia, the Armenian Vatican. Echmiadzin Mother Cathedral is considered the oldest cathedral in the world. It was built between 301 and 303 by Armenia’s patron saint Gregory the Illuminator, following the adoption of Christianity as a state religion. Echmiadzin translates as “the place where the Only Begotten Son of God descended.” Next follows an optional and sobering visit to the Genocide Memorial and Museum, dedicated to the victims of the Great Genocide that took place in 1915. For those that do wish to visit the Genocide Museum and Memorial, your time will be at leisure. Overnight Imperial Palace or similar (B)

Any remaining time is at leisure, until airport transfer for your onward flight (B)

Dates & Price.

Tour Notes

Main Tour Single Supplement from £425

Mapped itinerary.

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Download the full tour dossier for this trip here.

For expert advice get in touch now with our passionate,
well-travelled team.

+44(0) 191 296 2674 from THE UK
1-800-614-2967 from THE US & CANADA
1-300-956-415 from AUSTRALIA

Tour inclusions.

  • Arrival and departure transfers
  • All accommodation
  • Transportation throughout
  • Services of English-speaking guide / tour leader
  • Meals as listed (B – Breakfast, L – Lunch, D – Dinner)
  • Entrance fees for sites listed as part of the itinerary

Tour exclusions.

  • International flights
  • Travel Insurance
  • Visas if applicable
  • Drinks
  • Items of a personal nature
  • Tips (Discretionary)

The tour was wonderful, the guides and drivers were excellent and the people
I travelled with were great as well. I have a great interest in seeing unknown or
relatively unknown places and I know the people who go on Undiscovered Destinations Holidays of course share this interest, and is a great way to break the ice when you meet them for the first time, on the first day of a tour. The guides In both Georgia and Armenia certainly went out of their way to ensure that the trips were enjoyed by all. The only bad thing is at the end of the tours, when we all have to leave and say goodbye! I certainly look forward to further travels with Undiscovered Destinations – a travel company that suits me very well indeed.



Oliver Grumitt, UK